37193 - Histology and Embryology 2 (L-Z)

Course Unit Page

Academic Year 2018/2019

Learning outcomes

The student learns preliminary competences to help an interdisciplinary approach to the study of evidence based medicine. The student knows regulatory mechanisms of the first stages of the development.

Course contents

Fertilization: sperm attraction, activation and penetration. Prevention of polyspermy.
Cleavage and the blastocyst stage. The trophoblast and the inner cell mass.
Implantation and decidual reaction. Two germ layer stage; yolk sac, amniotic cavity and extraembryonic celoma formations.
Gastrulation and the three embryonic germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm) and molecular processes. The neural crest cells.
Craniocaudal and lateral foldings. Formation of intraembryonic coelom.
Placenta and extraembryonic membranes: amniotic membrane, chorion and placenta, umbilical cord, allantois.
Endoderm derivatives: Facial and fharyngeal development.
Paraxial mesoderm derivatives: sclerotomes, myotomes and dermatomes.
Lateral mesoderm derivatives: limb development.
Nervous tissue development.


Embriologia Umana, Armato et al, Idelson Gnocchi ed

Embriologia Umana, Larsen, Idelson Gnocchi ed.

Embriologia , Barbieri-Carinci

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons

Assessment methods

The check consists of a preliminary proof at microscopy, for the identifications of histological tissues. If this proof is not sufficient, the examination does not progress.

The oral examination focuses on cytological, histological and embryological matter, according to the program of Istology and Embryology 1 and Histology and Embryology . The insufficence also in one of the three learning is not allowed.

In caso of negative result of the oral examination, the student may keep the result of the practice or make it again. The vote is valid until the appeals of december 2018.

The final votation, by determination of the Commission, considers the results obtained.

Teaching tools

Power point presentations that will be available online as downloadable content through a reserved distribution list.

Office hours

See the website of Elisabetta Caramelli